The obvious but overlooked secret of computing is that it is always about only 2 things:
This binary divide translates itself into a partition of 2 kinds of programmers. They differ in the architecture style of the code they produce. Which exhibits itself in how they treat data.
What do you worship?
- Application Architecture Modeling is the biggest time investment.
- Coding speed is paramount, but needs more experience
- Onboarding of new devs is slower, as code is more complex and usually takes advantage of all syntax sugar.
- Databases are mostly taken as a glorified data dump.
- Data constraints (unicity & nullness) are enforced at the application level.
Everything is done to ensure that every change is only changing a small area.
One’s most important asset is the code. As it is fully debugged & tested, it therefore should not change much. Additions are welcome for added features. Special care is taken to put layer upon layer in order to be able for the code to survive any outside change, usually via anti-corruption patterns.
The PHP/MySQL tandem is a typical example of this philosophy, I think this has precisely led to the common understanding that MySQL is a database that is very fast but not so careful or feature-full as others.
The various J2EE stacks is also a good example with the ubiquitous ORM solutions, such a Hibernate that tries very hard to reproduce the joining and data checks in the Java.
The NoSQL trend is strong in that mindset. Data is quite cheap, and can be cleaned or transformed to cope with any code refactoring.
This religion is usually encountered when one can loose some data, typically for statistical flows.
- Data Modeling is the biggest time investment
- Coding speed is not that important, and needs less experience
- Onboarding of new devs is easier, as code is simpler
- Data constraints (unicity & nullness) are enforced in the Storage layer.
- Transactional behaviors are a must
Everything is done to ensure that Data always remains consistent.
Holy Data usually makes you vendor independent, since code can always be rewritten. Data on the other hand, isn’t that easily converted.
This religion is usually encountered when one cannot loose data, typically financial or auditable flows.
What is better ?
That last sentence makes it very easy to choose. It simply boils down to the expected longevity of the code you are writing. The longer you’ll have to maintain it, the more you need to take care of the data.
Which is the current plague of our current “go fast & break things” motto.
We do not plan fo the long term anymore. Which is fine, as it enables agility. Just always remind yourself, that after a while, you might need to convert yourself to another religion. And that doesn’t come for free.